Cyclone Tracy

Cyclone Tracy virtually destroyed the town of Darwin in the Northern Territory (NT) in the early hours of Christmas Day, 25 December 1974.

It was reported that during the storm 292mm of rain fell, and at 3.05am wind gusts at the airport were recorded at 217km per hour before the anemometer recording system failed. Figures on casualties resulting from the disaster vary, and have been revised over time taking the official reported deaths to 49 individuals on land, and 22 lost at sea.1

Following the storm, of approximately 10,000 buildings in the town, only 408 remained intact. The city was without services including lighting, power, water and sanitation. Ships foundered and port facilities were severely damaged, and debris from the suburbs cluttered the roads and pathways.2

In the days following the disaster, a mass evacuation of the population was organised, under the control of Major General Alan Stretton, Director General of the Natural Disasters Organisation. Conflicting estimates exist of Darwin’s population on 24 December 1974, however EP Milliken, a former Director of the Welfare Division in the NT Administration, gave an estimate of 49,000 people living in the location with 5,500 of them being on holiday away from Darwin at the time of the storm.3

Major General Alan Stretton, states in his oral history interview that 34,830 people were evacuated4, while Milliken reported that 25,628 people were evacuated by air, and 7,234 left by road. 

By 31 December 1974 only 10,638 people remained in Darwin, allowing the clean-up and reconstruction to begin.5

Holdings at the Northern Territory Archives Service relating to Cyclone Tracy and its aftermath are predominantly personal records consisting of oral histories, photographs and personal papers. 

There are also government archives and archives of non-government organisations.

The following references were used for the information above:

  1. Odgers George (editor) The Defence Force in the relief of Darwin after Cyclone Tracy, Department of Defence Information branch, 1990. p4 and Australian Government Attorney Generals Emergency Management Australia website.
  2. ibid
  3. Milliken, EP. People who experienced Darwin Cyclone Tracy: Human Responses in Report on Proceedings of a Research Workshop on Human Behaviour in Australia. National Disaster Organisation, Department of Defence, 1984, p. 199.
  4. Northern Territory Archives Service, NTRS 226, Typed transcripts of oral history interviews with "TS" prefix, 1979-ct Stretton, Alan, TS 956
  5. loc.cit., Milliken

Personal papers, photographs and oral history interviews

The personal records are listed according to the surname of the person who created or deposited the records with the NT Archives Service. 

The series listed in this category are mostly personal papers and photographs. 

The oral history records are listed against the name of the person who has been interviewed. The interviews are in the format of tapes, CDs and transcripts.

ADAMS, Leo John
NTRS 3128 Reference copy of digitised images of slides relating to Cyclone Tracy, 1974-1974
This series consists of slides relating to Cyclone Tracy. The images document the damage to Alawa, Casuarina and the city centre and include a navy helicopter, the Botanic Gardens, the Star Theatre, and Stokes Hill Wharf. There are also images of the damage sustained to the Adams family home in Stedcombe Street, Alawa.

ALLEN, Norman
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 741
Norman Allen was born in Adelaide in 1941 and arrived in Darwin in 1968 to take up the position as Power Station chemist after the building of turbines three and four at Stokes Hill Power Station. He recalls his experiences during the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy and the role of Water Resources Division in identifying and testing possible water sources prior to reconnection of water.

ANGELES, Elna
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 151
Elna Angeles was born in Darwin in 1911 to a European father and Aboriginal mother. She talks about Cyclone Tracy and its aftermath.

ASCOLI, John
NTRS 1942 Oral history interview CD 409
John Ascoli was a member of the NT Police force from 1962 to 1986. He speaks of his experiences in relation to Cyclone Tracy in 1974 as part of an interview about his career.

BAIRD, Tom
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 155
Tom Baird was born in Darwin in 1923 and joined the Commonwealth public service in 1960. He speaks of his recollections of Cyclone Tracy – the preparations for it and the damage it caused, his wife's refusal to leave, food at schools, ice, cooking and power, the Navy's role, good organisation and looting.

BAKER, Thomas Charles
NTRS 1942 Oral history interview CD 400
Thomas Baker was a member of the NT Police force from 1967 to 1978. He speaks of his experiences in relation to Cyclone Tracy in 1974.

BARDEN, Roy
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 7
In 1952 Roy Barden drove with a friend from Sydney to Darwin and set up a new pharmacy. By 1974 he had opened three other pharmacies. He speaks of his personal experience of Cyclone Tracy, his injury and damage caused by the Cyclone, Darwin Hospital after Tracy, not being evacuated and his business after Tracy, that of re-roofing and rebuilding.

BAUER, F H (Slim)
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 495Dr F H Bauer was born in 1918 in the USA. In 1973 he was appointed as Field Director of the Australian National University's North Australia Research Unit (NARU), located in Darwin. He describes the work he carried out at the NARU property following Cyclone Tracy, social interactions and incidents during the immediate post-cyclone period. He also gives his view of the overall changes to Darwin that have evolved from the event of the Cyclone.

BEARE, Hedley
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 917
Professor Hedley Beare was born in Barmera, South Australia (SA) in 1932. He came to the NT in 1972 to supervise the disengagement of the SA Education Department commitment to the NT. Professor Beare recounts the procedures followed in organising the evacuations and collaborating with the RAAF in the process.

BELL, Margaret
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 633
Margaret Bell arrived in Darwin in 1965. She was living in the Narrows with her husband, Ron, and two children when Cyclone Tracy hit. Their house suffered minimal damage. Margaret and her children were evacuated to Sydney, but returned to Darwin within a month. Her youngest son suffered sleeplessness for two years.

BISHOP, Graham
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 786
Graham Bishop was born in Sydney in 1929 and moved to Darwin in 1960. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, Mr Bishop was preparing to take up an appointment to implement the Dunkley Report on education on Christmas Island. He volunteered to man the Darwin Relief Centre post Cyclone Tracy and describes the devastation of Darwin at that time.

BISHOP, Ida
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 773
Ida Bishop (nee Edwards) was born in Darwin in 1926. In 1960 she moved back from Victoria to Darwin. She was working with a prawning company that lost several boats and some employees during Cyclone Tracy. Ida gives a vivid account of her experience that night.

BRESNAHAN, Michael J
NTRS 1038 Newspaper articles relating to Cyclone Tracy
This series includes the Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph from Sydney and The Northern Territory News from Darwin.

NTRS 1674 Photographic copyprints of Cyclone Tracy damage, Darwin
This is a series of black and white photographs, including the Parap and Fannie Bay areas and HMAS Arrow.

BRIDGLAND, John
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 163
John Bridgland was born in Darwin in 1932. John moved back to Darwin in 1970. He describes the reconstruction of Darwin, post Cyclone Tracy.

BRIEC, Bernard
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 830
Bernard Briec was born in Senegal in 1964. He and his family moved to Darwin in 1969. This interview is about his experience of Cyclone Tracy in 1974, when he was ten years old.

BROMWICH, Alan
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 582
Alan Bromwich was born in the UK in 1924 and came to Australia with his wife and children to take up the post of Chief Surgeon at Darwin Hospital in 1957. He was at home with his family in Larrakeyah on the night of Cyclone Tracy, when the house lost most of the roof and the contents of the house were mostly ruined.Mr Bromwich also provides his recollections of the clinical care of casualties treated at Darwin Hospital, the types of injuries experienced and statistics of fatalities and injuries. He talks of how the staff functioned in accordance with the Disaster Plan during the first critical hours of Christmas Day. He describes the use of portable xray units, hand development of xrays and how they were dried in the sun. He also talks about damage and repairs to the Hospital.

BROWN, George
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 572
George Brown was born in 1929 in Sydney and came to Darwin in 1968. He was in charge of the city's Botanic Gardens at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He describes the emotional impact of seeing the devastation wrought by Cyclone Tracy and his assessment of the damage to the Gardens. He was the Lord Mayor of Darwin at the time of his death in 2002 and the Botanic Gardens were then renamed the George Brown Botanic Gardens.

NTRS 1676 Copyprints of the Darwin Botanic Gardens including Holtze Cottage and damage sustained during Cyclone Tracy, ca1935-ca1976
Personal photographs of George Brown showing different areas of the Botanic Gardens prior to and after Cyclone Tracy.

BRUCE, Adrienne (Adie) Lylle
NTRS 3448 Correspondence relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1974
Adie Bruce lived in the Northern Territory for many years prior to Cyclone Tracy. This series consists of a letter written in the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy describing the experience and daily life, including living conditions, work arrangements and evacuation plans.

BUCKNALL, Ruary
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 599
Ruary Bucknall was born in Melbourne in 1945. He came to Darwin in 1970. He returned to Darwin from holidays on Boxing Day and very soon was in charge of the relief centre at Casuarina High School. He recalls in detail how thousands were living there, the difficulties with sanitation, and how evacuation was facilitated.

BULLOCK, Robin (Pappy)
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1058
Pappy Bullock was born in Carlton, Victoria in 1944 and came to Darwin in 1974. He was a policeman at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He explains the difficulties for relatives identifying deceased relatives in the temporary morgue at the Casuarina Post Office, evacuation of people from Darwin, looting from supermarkets and Navy personnel delivering water.

CAIRNS, Kate
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 549
Kate Cairns was born in Adelaide, SA in 1945 and came to Darwin in 1970. During Cyclone Tracy she and her partner were in their house when it was blown off its piers. She describes her experiences during the Cyclone, cooking meals for men who were involved in the cleanup and assisting at an evacuation centre.

CALDER, Sam
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 624
Sam Calder was born in 1916 in Melbourne. He came to the Northern Territory in 1939. He was the Member for the Northern Territory in the House of Representatives at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He flew into Darwin on Boxing Day 1974 following the Cyclone. He describes the reconstruction of Darwin and provides comments on Darwin before and after Tracy.

CARROLL, Elizabeth
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 762
Elizabeth Carroll was born in Victoria in 1941. She and her husband John Carroll arrived in Darwin in 1966. She describes life in Darwin for the young couple prior to Cyclone Tracy. The unexpected interruption of the family's lifestyle with Cyclone Tracy, and their subsequent evacuation from Darwin, were to have a traumatic effect on the family for many years.

CARSTENSEN, Wally
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 721
Winfried (Wally) Carstensen was born in Germany in 1940 and arrived in Darwin in 1965. After Cyclone Tracy, Wally was involved in the priority reconnection of power at Darwin Hospital and the cleanup of Darwin.

CARTER, Don
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 506
Don Carter was born in Townsville in 1943. He came to Darwin in 1962. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, Mr Carter was working as a transport officer with the Department of Health. He describes the Cyclone itself, and how the Health Department worked quickly to organise medical help.

CHALLENOR, Helen
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 828
Helen Challenor was born in Pembry, Kent, UK in 1952. She arrived in Katherine in early 1958. She and her husband ran the Ansett route agency in Katherine at the time of Cyclone Tracy. Mrs Challenor recalls her experiences in Katherine after the Cyclone, as people were evacuated from Darwin.

CHEATER, Fay
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 575
Fay Cheater was born in Port Lincoln in 1929. She came to Darwin in 1956. Mrs Cheater recalls the process of rebuilding and adjustment after Cyclone Tracy.

CHEATER, Keith
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 574
Keith Cheater was born in 1928 in South Australia, and came to Darwin in1956. Although absent from Darwin during Cyclone Tracy, he describes his return soon afterward, the destruction of the family home and damage at the library at the Darwin Community College where he was working at the time.

CHRISTODOULOU, Savvas
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 628
Savvas Christodoulou was born in Cyprus in 1928 and came to Darwin in 1948. He established Savvas Motors in1970. He recalls the events of Cyclone Tracy, the damage and the subsequent repairs and recovery.

COFFEY, Matthew
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 763
Matthew Coffey was born in Darwin in 1962. He was twelve years old on Christmas Eve 1974 when Cyclone Tracy devastated Darwin. He describes the panic and fear as the night progressed. He provides a detailed description of the destruction of his family's home, as they sat huddled in the hallway, cold, wet and scared.

COLE, Echo
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 508
Echo Cole talks about Cyclone Tracy, concentrating mainly on Aboriginal reaction to the Cyclone. Echo briefly describes some of the damage from the Cyclone and deaths.

COLE, Glen
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 642
Glen Cole was born in Sydney in 1944. He arrived in Darwin in 1969 with his wife Denise. When Cyclone Tracy hit, Glenn was a photographer with the Northern Territory Museum. He talks about the night of the Cyclone, his activities the following day, and of his return to Darwin a year later.

COLLINS, Bob
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 831
Bob Collins was born in Newcastle, New South Wales in 1946. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he was employed by CSIRO, Division of Wildlife Research. He recounts his experiences during and after the Cyclone. He also describes his experiences participating in the ambulance service during that period. At the time of this interview he was a Senator for the Northern Territory in the Federal Parliament.

CORMICK, Irene
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 796
Irene Cormick was born in Plympton, South Australia in 1926 and arrived in Darwin in 1947. Mrs Cormick gives a very moving and enlightening account of her experiences during the night of Cyclone Tracy and its aftermath. Her role for three months after the Cyclone was cooking at the police station.

CRAMP, Norman
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 719
Norman Cramp was born in Sydney in 1948, arriving in Darwin with his wife just prior to Cyclone Tracy. He commenced work with the Department of Works as a mechanical fitter machinist at Stokes Hill Power Station. He describes working and living conditions after Cyclone Tracy.

CRESWICK, Richard
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 536
Richard Creswick was born in Melbourne in 1945. He moved to Darwin in 1972 to work as a journalist with the ABC, in both radio and television. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, he was living in an ABC house at Jingili with a friend and three cats. The cyclone severely damaged the house. He describes the storm, media coverage, and how the ABC staff coped with the disaster.

CROFTS, Eileen
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 910
Eileen Margaret Crofts was born in Lautoka, Fiji in 1934. Mrs Crofts came to the Northern Territory in 1959, and was sent initially to the Alice Springs Hospital. Mrs Crofts was working with the Aerial Medical Service when Cyclone Tracy hit. She describes the living and working conditions in the Cyclone's aftermath and its effect on people with whom she worked.

D'AMBROSIO, Ted
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 555
Ted D'Ambrosio was born in Victoria in 1913 in an Italian/Australian family, and grew up in Melbourne. He came to Darwin in 1939. He recalls his experience of Cyclone Tracy in 1974, when he narrowly escaped serious injury while sheltering in a vehicle. He recollects serious incidents of looting, including one occasion when he fired a warning shot from a revolver.

D'ARCY, Colleen
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 556
Colleen D'Arcy was born in Adelaide in 1931 and moved to the NT in 1945. She recalls attending midnight mass in the Catholic Cathedral, where glass was breaking before she left. She describes how she sheltered under a table with her young son during the storm. Her house, although damaged, was of old construction, and remained structurally intact. A few days after, she was evacuated by air, taking seven family children with her.

DERMOUDY, Peter
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 833
Peter Dermoudy was born in 1933 and arrived in Darwin in 1960 to work as an architect. He recounts his experiences whilst sheltered in one of the large concrete gun emplacements at East Point during Cyclone Tracy. He talks of the months after the Cyclone, living on the ship "Patris", his work with damage assessment teams, the influx of consultants and interstate police and his disappointment with the post-cyclone building code.

DOHERTY, Margaret (nee Lyons)
NTRS 2569 Reference copy of photographs relating to the Lyons family and Cyclone Tracy ca1974-ca1974
Margaret Doherty's family lived in Lyons Cottage from 1948 to 1974. This series contains photographs of cyclone damage to Lyons Cottage and St Mary's Cathedral.

DONATELLI, Maria
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 627
Maria Donatelli was born in Italy in 1930. She talks of Cyclone Tracy in which destroyed the Donatelli's home in Edmunds Street. The flats belonging to the Donatelli family were severely damaged with the roof lost and all the furniture ruined through water damage. The upstairs section of the Capri Restaurant had to be replaced because the roof was destroyed and there was considerable water damage to the motel.

DORLING, Mary
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 658
Mary Dorling was born in Sydney in 1944 and moved to the Northern Territory in 1972. She gives a detailed description of events during Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. Mary describes the cleanup, her work at health centres, rumours and food supplies. She also talks about the psychological effects of house demolition, Major-General Alan Stretton, the ban on rebuilding and the long-term effects of the Cyclone.

DORWOOD, Yvonne
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 932
Yvonne Dorwood was born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1937. She moved to the Northern Territory in 1967, gaining work managing various pubs. When Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin she had over three hundred evacuees in the Daly Waters pub. Police told her to open the petrol bowsers and not to charge people.

DOS SANTOS, Paula
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 573
Paula Dos Santos (nee Howard) came to Darwin in 1950. Paula and her family were in their Rapid Creek home on the night of Cyclone Tracy. She describes the loss of the roof, which she attributes to one of two powerful tornadoes that she saw during one of the several lulls in the ferocious storm. She was eventually evacuated, and describes that experience, as well as some difficult times after her return.

NTRS 1148 Personal papers relating to Darwin, the Navy and Cyclone Tracy 1962-1975
Personal records of Paula Dos Santos which includes a January 1975 edition of Navy News about assistance provided by the Navy after Cyclone Tracy.

DUNHAM, Karen
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 832
Karen Dunham (nee Marcellis) was born in 1962 and grew up in Darwin. On 24 December 1974, when Cyclone Tracy devastated Darwin, Karen Dunham was twelve years old. She recalls the terror of that night as the full force of the Cyclone hit her family's elevated house in Stuart Park.

DUNIS, Edgar
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 725
Edgar DUNIS was born in Latvia in 1920 and arrived in Darwin in 1949. He recalls the establishment of the Electricity Supply Undertaking and this section's involvement in the cleanup after Cyclone Tracy.

FAWCETT, Jim
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 548
Jim Fawcett was born in Darwin in 1927. He and his wife Marguerite were living with their two young children in Fitzer Drive, Ludmilla at the time of Cyclone Tracy. Their house was almost entirely destroyed during the Cyclone. Jim stayed in Darwin, working on a tip truck, cleaning up the Darwin Hospital. He describes the widespread devastation and comments on long-term changes he has observed in Darwin.

NTRS 1103 Personal photograph of J Fawcett standing in his cyclone damaged house
This series contains one mounted photograph of Jim Fawcett standing in front of his kitchen bench in the house destroyed by Cyclone Tracy.

FAWCETT, Marguerite
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 518
Marguerite Fawcett was born in the UK in 1943, and migrated to Australia in 1964. She talks of her experience of Cyclone Tracy in Darwin on Christmas Eve 1974, together with her husband and two children who sheltered downstairs in the car during most of the Cyclone. She describes her emotions on seeing the widespread devastation next day, and the feeling of stunned helplessness for some days after.

FEJO, Lorna
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 757
Lorna Fejo was born in Tennant Creek in 1930. She moved from Croker Island to Darwin, when she was growing up. She recounts her experience during Cyclone Tracy, the next day at Darwin Hospital and her evacuation.

FINGER, Martyn
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 48
Martyn Finger was born in 1922 in Kalbar, Queensland and came to Darwin in 1966. Mr Finger describes his experiences prior to and during Cyclone Tracy. He also describes the aftermath and the period of post cyclone reconstruction.

FINTELN, Bill
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 737
Born in Mildura in 1940, Bill Finteln came to Darwin in 1967. He was working for the Department of Works at Stokes Hill Power Station as the Operations Superintendent when Cyclone Tracy struck. He describes the problems involved in the repairs to damaged power station equipment after the Cyclone and the numerous blackouts as a result of the damage.

FONG LIM, Alec
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 211
Alec Fong Lim was born in Katherine in 1931 and in 1938 the family moved to Darwin. Alec was away from Darwin during the Cyclone but returned a week later. His brother Arthur was killed and some family members badly injured. He served on the Cyclone Trust Fund Committee.

FORSTER, Sir William
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 568
Sir William Forster was born in Sydney in 1921. He moved to Darwin in 1971. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he was the Senior Judge for the Northern Territory, based in Darwin. He flew back to Darwin from leave within a few days of the Cyclone. He describes life in the town after the Cyclone, his scepticism about many of the rumours current at the time and his impressions of the way people behaved differently.

FOSTER, Liz
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 502
Liz Foster (nee Elizabeth Mary Glenister) was born in Adelaide in 1950. She and her husband moved to Darwin in 1972. Liz worked in the communications department of TAA at the time of Cyclone Tracy. She describes the events of the day of the Cyclone and how she and her husband spent the night in the house, what happened that night, and her feelings. Included with this oral history are copies of a brief essay written by Mrs Foster in 1982 about the Cyclone and some letters she wrote to her family in the days just after Christmas Day 1974.

FREY, Ken
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 630
Ken Frey was born in Melbourne in 1926. He joined the Department of Works and Housing in Darwin in 1946. He and his family were at home in Darwin on the night of Cyclone Tracy . He describes the trauma of that night (when most of their house was destroyed) and the damage survey work he did for his department after the Cyclone. He discusses in detail the kind of damage seen and the contributing factors, environmental, design and social/industrial.

FRY, Graeme
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1109
Graeme Fry was born in 1949 in Adelaide and came to Darwin to join the police force in 1974. As part of this interview, Graeme gives his recollections of Cyclone Tracy. He describes the warnings and preparations at the Darwin watch-house and at home prior to the Cyclone and his sheltering under the kitchen table with his wife, Gail, and their cat. He also talks of the immediate aftermath of the Cyclone, clearing streets in Rapid Creek, his work on the "body squad" fingerprinting and moving bodies, looting, interstate police and evacuation of people from Darwin.

GARTON, Gladys
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 534
Gladys GARTON, formerly Hunter, was born in Adelaide in 1916. She moved to Darwin in 1940. She describes the experience of Cyclone Tracy, when the family house in Nightcliff was only superficially damaged because of its careful construction and storm shutters. (Included with this oral history is a copy of a letter sent to a round of friends by Mrs Garton on 1 January 1975).

GARTON, Len
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 535
Born in 1918 in Adelaide, Len Garton came to Darwin in 1941 with the Army. Mr Garton recalls Cyclone Tracy, flying into Darwin in a light aircraft late on Christmas Eve 1974, and landing at the closed airport. The family house had storm shutters, and was cyclone-proofed. Len describes insurance assessment work after the Cyclone, from which he has lost some faith in people's levels of honesty, and is critical of housing and construction standards.

GIESE, Harry
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 755
Born in Western Australia in 1913, Harry Giese came to the Northern Territory in October 1954 as the Director of Welfare for the Northern Territory Administration. He recounts his experience of Cyclone Tracy, and particularly its aftermath, when he was appointed Chairman of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council, which played a significant role in co-ordination of welfare services during the difficult days of re-establishment of the city's life.

GOODY, Lyn
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 829
Lyn Goody was born in Darwin, Northern Territory in 1952. In this interview she recounts her experiences in Cyclone Tracy, after which she was evacuated from Darwin. Before returning they had to get a permit, have employment and have accommodation. She discusses the effects of the Cyclone and how she dealt with them by using her ability to talk and make jokes about it.

GRAHAM, Tasman Alexander
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 56
Tasman Graham was born in Wellington in 1903 and came to the Northern Territory as an infant. He moved to Darwin in 1946. He discusses his experiences during and after Cyclone Tracy and his evacuation.

GURD, Charles
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 678
Dr Gurd was born in Bristol, United Kingdom, in 1920. He moved to Darwin in 1972. As Director of Health at the time of Cyclone Tracy, he outlines key figures and organisations involved with the cleanup and reconstruction operations. He gives a good account of initial problems with communications, the establishment of emergency health and feeding centres, various radio broadcasts, the evacuation and the advent of a money-less society.

HAGGER, Jill
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 816
Jill Hagger describes her experiences assisting the evacuees from Darwin who passed through Katherine, after Cyclone Tracy. The people of the towns down the track assisted the evacuees as they drove through.

HANCOCK, Dr. Jonathon Yeatman
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 848
Dr. Jonathon Hancock was born in Hamley Bridge, South Australia in 1934. He came to Darwin in 1969. Following Cyclone Tracy, Dr. Hancock was in charge of the public health problems, such as cleaning up the masses of putrefying food. He describes the cooperative effort by the Army, Navy, Works Department and the Council in the cleanup operation.

HARFORD, Brian P
NTRS 1298 Papers and articles relating to Cyclone Tracy and the Northern Territory
This series includes a copy of the First Annual Report of the Darwin Reconstruction Commission, articles from The Northern Territory News, The Advertiser and issues of The Australian Women's Weekly, Women's Day and the Australian Post Office News, a poem, a menu from Christmas 1974 and a card of thanks.

HARITOS, George
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcripts 232 and 662
George Haritos was born in Darwin in 1920. Mr Haritos recalls Cyclone Tracy during which his family sheltered in the house next door. He lost his barramundi fishing boat, Betty Joan, during the Cyclone.

HARITOS, Kyriakos (Jack)
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcripts 233 and 578
Kyriakos Haritos (known as Jack) was born in Darwin in 1928. He was at his home on the cliff-edge at Larrakeyah when Cyclone Tracy struck in 1974. He describes the night and aftermath in some detail. His home was destroyed, but the family had a large dry area underneath it, in which they were able to live until rebuilding.

HARMER, Edna
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 234
Edna Harmer (nee Knowles) was born in Darwin in 1917. Mrs Harmer provides a detailed description of Cyclone Tracy, of her evacuation and her return in February 1975.

HARRIS, Jean
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 843
Jean Harris (nee Drysdale) was born in 1916 in Darwin. She compares the 1937 cyclone to Cyclone Tracy in 1974, concluding that the latter was far worse than the former. She describes the effect of Cyclone Tracy on the Howard Springs area.

HARRIS, Vicki
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 585
Vicki Harris was born in Adelaide in 1952 and came to Darwin in 1972. She speaks about her family's experience of Cyclone Tracy in December 1974, in which their house was completely destroyed. Vicki gives a most graphic account of the storm, and details of life at the emergency centre and a number of bizarre and sometimes tragic occurrences.

NTRS 1658 Photographic copyprints of the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy, Darwin
This is a series of coloured photographs, including the Naval Offices on the Esplanade and the entrance to the RAAF Base.

HART, Pru
NTRS 1655 Photographic copyprints of Cyclone Tracy aftermath, Darwin and Suburbs
The majority of these photographs are in black and white and some are aerial views. Some photographs are in colour.

HARVEY, Beth
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 490
Beth Harvey was born in Melbourne in 1941. She arrived in Darwin in 1965. She talks at length about the Cyclone and the following days, people's reaction, the rumours and the evacuation process.

HARVEY, Elspeth
NTRS 2627 Reference DVD copy of 8mm films relating to Cyclone Tracy 1975-1975

HARVEY, Peter
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 491
Peter John Harvey was born in Sydney in 1937. He came to Darwin in 1958. He was working as senior clerk at the Bureau of Meteorology at the time of Cyclone Tracy and living in Nightcliff with his wife and three children. He describes his experiences from the day of Christmas Eve, then during and after the Cyclone.

NTRS 897 Photographs of family home after Cyclone Tracy
This series of photographs of Beth and Peter's home in Nightcliff are in black and white.

HAWKINS, Alan
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1088
Alan Hawkins was born in 1943 in Finchley, North London and arrived in Alice Springs in 1969. He was working as a valuer for the Australian Taxation Office at the time of Cyclone Tracy. As the President of Apex, he liaised with representatives of the Lions and Rotary Clubs to provide assistance to people who had driven out of Darwin following the Cyclone.

HITCHINS, Air Commodore David
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 458
As a Group Captain at the time of Cyclone Tracy, David Hitchins was in charge of the RAAF Base in Darwin from the end of 1972 until 1975. He describes the damage that the Cyclone wrought, particularly to the Base, and how the emergency that followed was dealt with. Air Commodore Hitchins spoke of the reconstruction of Darwin and the RAAF Base and of relationships between Services personnel and the NT Administration.

INCH, Gary
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 785
Gary Inch was born in Brisbane, Queensland in 1946. When Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin on Christmas Day 1974, he was working for the Brisbane City Council in the Department of Electricity. Gary recalls his experiences working to restore power to householders in the aftermath of the Cyclone.

IVORY, Audrey
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 754
Audrey Ivory was born in 1928. She arrived in the Northern Territory in 1957 with her husband and two small children. Mrs Ivory gives a vivid account of her experience during the Cyclone in their home at The Narrows and their days at Ludmilla School before their evacuation to Adelaide.

IVORY, Michael
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 750
Mick Ivory was born in Townsville in 1925. He arrived in Darwin in 1957. Mr Ivory was working with the Welfare Branch at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He recounts his experience during Cyclone Tracy. He also discusses the emergency procedures that came into force, facilities at Ludmilla School and bodies at Ludmilla School.

JACK-HINTON, Dr Colin
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 908
Dr Colin Jack-Hinton was born in 1933 in Newchurch in England. He arrived in the Northern Territory in late 1969, assuming the position of Foundation Director, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory. Dr Jack-Hinton gives an account of the effects of Cyclone Tracy on the museum and its collections.

JAMES, Barbara
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 581
Barbara James (nee Johnson) was born in Nebraska, USA, in 1943, and came to Darwin in 1967. She describes her experience of Cyclone Tracy and its aftermath. Finally, she describes reactions to subsequent storms, the changes to Darwin since and she assesses Tracy's long-term impact on her life.

NTRS 1683 Personal photographs of Cyclone Tracy damage 1974-1975
This is a series of black and white photographs including HM (Fannie Bay) Gaol and Labour Prison, Brown's Mart, Darwin City Council building, Darwin High School food rations and preparation areas and evacuation centres.

KILMORE, Geoffrey
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 522
Geoffrey Kilmore was born in England in 1948. He came to Darwin in 1971. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he was the Acting Deputy City Engineer with Darwin City Council. Mr Kilmore describes what preparations were made at work and at home for the Cyclone. He describes the scene after the Cyclone, and his attempts to help with the cleanup.

NTRS 625 Colour slides of Cyclone Tracy aftermath 1974-1975
This series of colour slides includes Sandra and Geoffrey Kilmore, Ross and Leslie Fairbairn and Kirsty sheltering in the Botanical Gardens workshop during the Cyclone, the Kilmore house on Geranium St Stuart Park (in the Botanical Gardens) before and after the Cyclone, George Brown's house and the Darwin City Council office and Chambers.

KILMORE, Sandra
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 521
Sandra Kilmore was born in England in 1948. She arrived in Australia in 1971 with her husband Geoffrey. Sandra describes the preparations they made for Cyclone Tracy, the storm itself, the damage done, her subsequent evacuation with a pregnant friend, and the long-term impact of the Cyclone.

LAWLER, Tom
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 851
Tom Lawler was born at Redcliffs in 1922. He arrived in Darwin in 1961. He was working with the Department of Lands and living in Fannie Bay when the family house was partly demolished in Cyclone Tracy. He explains steps taken to ensure safety prior to the Cyclone and makes an assessment of local and personal damage.

LAWRIE, Dawn
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 505
Dawn Lawrie was the Independent Member for Nightcliff in the Northern Territory's Legislative Assembly at the time of Cyclone Tracy. She describes leaving her home during the eye of the storm with her husband and children. She recalls the evacuation process, the system of permits for re-entry and delays in the rebuilding of Darwin. She praises the work of the Navy, NT and Commonwealth police and other services.

LIDDELL, Les
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 781
Les Liddell moved to Tennant Creek from Melbourne in 1966. In this interview he recounts his role in the establishment of the Emergency Services and assisting the evacuees from Darwin after Cyclone Tracy.

MACKENZIE, Josephine
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 760
Josephine Mackenzie was born in Western Australia in 1934 and came to Darwin in 1964. She recounts her experience of Cyclone Tracy, its aftermath and the family's self-evacuation, in two cars, to Perth several days after. They managed to escape without injury despite the fact that their house was completely destroyed and they were able to salvage very little.

MACKENZIE, Malcolm
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 759
Malcolm Mackenzie was born in Sydney in 1933, and came to Darwin in 1964. This interview is about his experience of Cyclone Tracy. At that time he operated the Rapid Creek Betting Shop. Although the family's Wagaman house was almost entirely destroyed whilst they sheltered in the kitchen, they escaped without injury.

MACKIE, Edith
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 797
Edith MacKie was born in Northern Ireland in 1940. She settled in Katherine. She discusses the evacuees that passed through Katherine after Cyclone Tracy in 1974. As a member of Red Cross she became involved with the soup kitchen that was organised to assist the evacuees as they arrived in Katherine.

MADSEN, George
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 780
George Madsen was born in Charters Towers, Queensland in 1938. He was employed by the Townsville Regional Electricity Board and was part of a group sent to Darwin after Cyclone Tracy in 1974 to restore the electricity supply. Mr Madsen recalls first sighting the destruction caused by the Cyclone, by air. He recounts the living and working conditions, the people he worked with and the work undertaken.

MAHONY, Kath
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 446
Kath Mahony was born in Irvinebank, Queensland in 1908. The family moved to Pine Creek in 1909. Following Cyclone Tracy, Mrs Mahony was involved with efforts to help those fleeing Darwin through Katherine where she was living at the time.

MARSDEN, Rose Ada (Rae)
NTRS 2395 Publications relating to Cyclone Tracy 1975-1975
The publications include newsletters produced for government staff, such as Housing and Construction News and Government News Letter, and publications produced for residents and evacuees such as Darwin Newsletter and Tracy Times. Also included is advice to Darwin residents from the Darwin Reconstruction Commission on how to repair or rebuild damaged houses, "Specification for structurally upgrading standard Department of Northern Australia type house to meet the requirements of the Darwin Reconstruction Commission Building Manual".

NTRS 2396 Correspondence relating to Cyclone Tracy 1975-1975
This series consists of a typed copy of a letter about Cyclone Tracy, addressed to Reg from Rae. The letter includes details of housing damage sustained during the cyclone, and living conditions in the aftermath.

MARSHALL, Ian
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 489
Ian Marshall was born in Melbourne in 1928. He came to Darwin as Assistant Regional Director of the ABC in 1972. He recalls his family's experiences in Cyclone Tracy and how the ABC set about restoring communications. He talks about the days after the Cyclone, his contact with Alan Stretton, the rumours circulating about mass graves and how the pets were destroyed.

MASON, Ken
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 519
The Rt Rev K B Mason was born in Sydney in 1928. In 1967 he was appointed as the first Bishop of the Northern Territory, a position he held for fifteen years. He talks of Cyclone Tracy - the damage and aftermath.

MAYO, Rosemary
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 653
Rosemary Mayo was born in England in 1945. She same to Darwin in 1969. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, Rosemary lived in Mitchell Street with her family. She describes preparations for the Cyclone, the storm itself, damage to the fire station where they spent most of the night, the birth of her baby on the day after the Cyclone at the Hospital, her evacuation and arrival in Brisbane.

McCANN, DavidNTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 451
Born in Sydney 1934, David McCann came to Darwin in 1970. He was Chief Magistrate at the time of Cyclone Tracy. Mr McCann gives a full account of his activities prior to, during and after the Cyclone. He acted as Coroner after the Cyclone and quickly re-established the Magistrates' Court.

McCARTHY, Derek
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 720
Derek William McCarthy was born in 1944 and arrived in Darwin in 1971. He was working as an electrical fitter mechanic at the Electricity Supply Undertaking at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He recounts his experiences after the Cyclone and comments on the working and living conditions and the community spirit of the people.

McHENRY, Ray
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 270
Ray McHenry was a senior public servant in December 1974 when Cyclone Tracy devastated Darwin. He talks about his activities on Christmas Day, the morning after the storm, and taking his family to Casuarina High School. He describes contacting other department heads and the decision that mass evacuations were needed. He gives his opinion of Major-General Alan Stretton and the role of the defence forces in the cleanup. He also talks briefly about the committees formed after Cyclone Tracy and the Darwin Reconstruction Commission.

McLAREN, Bill
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 586
Bill McLaren was born in 1916 in Melbourne and came to Darwin in 1967 to take up the post of the Northern Territory Police Commissioner. He recalls Cyclone Tracy in December 1974 and its immediate aftermath. He talks about the slow process of re-establishment of emergency operations after the Cyclone, police duties and interaction with other authorities. He comments on Major General Stretton's role, and the necessity for many of the policies followed during the emergency.

MEANEY, Jack
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 558
Born in Ireland in 1911, Jack Meaney came to the Northern Territory in 1928. He describes his experience of Cyclone Tracy, where his family's flat was not severely damaged. Jack was a cook for a food centre in Winnellie, where he recalls one altercation with a Commonwealth Police Officer, an oversupply of food, and comments on looting and misappropriation.

MORRIS, Richard
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 827
Richard Morris was born in 1943. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, Mr Morris was manager of the TAA (Trans-Australian Airlines) branch office in Katherine. He recounts organising a soup kitchen with help from his network of friends in Katherine to assist people evacuating from Darwin. He also describes the state of the people coming through and what assistance they required.

MOSELEY, Gary
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1069
Gary Moseley was born in 1947 in Sydney, New South Wales. He came to Darwin in 1971 to undertake heli-mustering on cattle stations in the Victoria River District and the Kimberleys. He recounts his experiences after Cyclone Tracy.

MUIRHEAD, James
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 565
James Henry Muirhead was born in Adelaide in 1925. Justice Muirhead came to Darwin as a Judge of the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory in 1974. He was involved in the rehabilitation of Darwin through Court work.

MUIRHEAD, Margaret
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 524
Margaret Muirhead was born in South Australia in 1926. She came to Darwin with her lawyer husband, James Muirhead in 1974. Mrs Muirhead worked at the YWCA which provided emergency accommodation after Cyclone Tracy and organised activities for women and children, many of whom lived in difficult conditions.

NELSON, John Norman (Jock)
NTRS 548 Correspondence, papers, publications and photographs relating to political career and Mount Skinner Pastoral Company, and Cyclone Tracy
This series contains a minimal amount of material relating to Cyclone Tracy, however, it includes the Darwin Entry Authority for John Nelson.

NIXON, Curly
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 654
Curly Nixon was born in 1929 and arrived in Darwin in 1949. At the time of Cyclone Tracy, Curly was working on the wharves, and was president of the Waterside Workers' Federation and the Trades and Labor Council. Curly describes the warnings, his preparations and the Cyclone. He also talks about the cleanup, organising beer and entertainment for the people who stayed behind, and the restoration of services to his block.

O'GRADY, Tom
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 494
Tom O'Grady was born in Ireland in 1906 and immigrated to Australia just before the war, coming to Darwin in 1939. He describes his experience of Cyclone Tracy in 1974. He was living in Brown St, Fannie Bay and heard no cyclone warnings. He talks about the Cyclone and its effects, his praise for Army and Navy personnel and drinking brandy.

O'KEEFFE, Kevin
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 921
Kevin O'Keeffe was born in Geelong, Victoria in 1946. Mr O'Keeffe worked at the East Arm Leprosarium in Darwin from 1970 until it closed in 1982. He recalls what the East Arm Leprosarium looked like before Cyclone Tracy damaged much of the area, and the rebuilding and changes in the aftermath of the Cyclone.

O'LOUGHLIN, Bishop J.P.
NTRS 17 Papers relating to the Cyclone Tracy Relief Trust Fund
This series contains minutes, correspondence and newspaper clippings relating to the Cyclone Tracy Relief Trust Fund.

O'SULLIVAN, Clem
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 447
Clem O'Sullivan was born in Bunbury, Western Australia in 1914. In May 1971 he was appointed Crown Law Officer for the Northern Territory stationed in Darwin. He became the Territory's first Director of Law in 1974. He speaks at length about the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy, having returned to Darwin on December 29 to help with the process of normalisation.

PATTERSON, Cedric
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 600
Cedric Patterson was born in Victoria in 1925. He came to Darwin as Supervising Architect, Construction, for the Commonwealth Department of Housing and Construction in 1959, and was working in this position when Cyclone Tracy struck. He describes the family's experience of the Cyclone, which destroyed their house and nearly everything in it, and then some events that followed. Staff in his Department handled four thousand emergency roofing jobs in thirty-five days.

PAULING, Tom
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 301
Tom Pauling was born in Sydney in 1946 and came to Darwin in 1970. Mr Pauling was working as a barrister at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He describes his experiences during the Cyclone and its aftermath. Later he was Chief Magistrate and then Solicitor-General of the Northern Territory.

PERRIN, Janice
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 537
Janice Perrin (formerly Tybell) was born in Nedlands, Western Australia in 1946 and came with her family to Darwin as an infant. On the night of the Cyclone Tracy, their house was nearly all destroyed before the eye of the storm. They then took to a car, but were soon stranded, and weathered the remainder of the storm in it. She describes the scene at the Darwin Hospital the next day, and the process of evacuation a few days later.

PYLE, Deidre
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1116
Deidre Pyle was born in 1944 in Mt Isa, Queensland. Mrs Pyle arrived in Darwin in 1968. She was employed as the art teacher at Ludmilla School, although away for Christmas holidays, at the time of Cyclone Tracy. She recalls the devastation of the Cyclone, observed on her return in February 1975, including the Ludmilla School which survived well due to its construction and position.

QUINN, Dr John
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 915
Dr John Quinn was born in 1923 and arrived in Darwin in 1953 to take up the position of Medical Superintendent at Darwin Hospital. He provides an account of Darwin Hospital directly after Cyclone Tracy. Dr Quinn also mentions the cleanup campaign, fear of epidemic, mass inoculations, insecticide spraying, the need for mass evacuation and the rebuilding of Darwin.

REDMOND, George
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 734
George Redmond was born in Charters Towers in 1913. He came to Darwin in 1962. Mr Redmond was the Director of Construction for the Department of Works at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He comments on the reconnection of electricity by the Electricity Supply Undertaking, clearing of streets, reconnection of water supply and sewerage and weather-proofing and restoration of buildings.

REIHER, Alan Silvius
NTRS 2184 Personal papers relating to roads and reconstruction of Darwin 1968-1978
Mr Reiher was the Director-General of the Commonwealth Department of Works, and a member of the Darwin Reconstruction Commission. Included in this series is a photocopy of "The Rebuilding of Darwin" by John Walters which details the work of the Darwin Reconstruction Commission.

RICHARDS, ArchibaldNTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 311
Archibald Ezra Richards was born in 1915 and arrived in the Territory in 1939. In 1949, he moved to Darwin as the Administrator's secretary. He recounts his experiences through Cyclone Tracy.

RICHARDSON, David
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 836
David Richardson was born in Townsville in 1937. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he was employed at the Townsville Regional Electricity Board. He worked on the main feeder at Bishop St and restored power to homes in Rapid Creek.

RIDDLE, John
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 811
John Riddle was born in Yorktown, South Australia in 1936. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he was an Accounting Officer for the Electricity Trust of South Australia. He discusses the work done by a crew from the Electricity Trust with the reconstruction of the McMinns Pumping Station and restoration of the electricity supply in the northern suburbs. He also talks about Navy personnel cleaning out Woolworths Food Stores and clearing houses.

ROBERTS, Sally
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 567
Born in New Zealand in 1944, Sally Roberts came to Darwin in 1972. She describes how she sheltered in the bathroom with her young children on the night of Cyclone Tracy, during which her house was virtually destroyed, along with most of their possessions. She recalls the chaos of the first few days, the difficulties in looking after the children, but the air of cheerfulness.

ROBERTSON, Edward (Ted)
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 666
Ted Robertson was born in Albany in Western Australia in 1929. In 1963, Ted moved to Darwin. He represented the Northern Territory in the Senate seat for the Labor Party for twelve years. He talks about Cyclone Tracy and its aftermath, being a member of Citizens' Advisory Committee and a trustee of the Cyclone Tracy Relief Fund.

ROCHECOUSTE, Annie
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 756
Annie Rochecouste was born in Mauritius in 1923. She came to Darwin with her family in 1974. They had barely settled in the house provided for them when it was virtually destroyed by Cyclone Tracy. The interview covers their experience of the storm, the severe difficulties of the next few days and their evacuation.

RODE, Patricia
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 433
Patricia Rode came to Darwin in 1961. She relates her experiences during and post Cyclone Tracy.

SANDERS, Deirdre
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 504
Dierdre (Dee) Sanders was born in Perth, Western Australia in 1933 and moved to Darwin in 1961. Mrs Sander's and her four children survived Cyclone Tracy in their home in Kahlin, Darwin. Dee described what it was like to live through the Cyclone, and the after-effects of the Cyclone on her family and their neighbours.

SANDERS, Donald
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 503
Donald Sanders was born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1924. He came to Darwin in 1961. In his role at the ABC, Don Sanders played an active part in liaising with the Bureau of Meteorology to ensure the public had full knowledge of the progression of the Cyclone. He was critical of the failure of the emergency transmitter. Once ABC services were restored, they were used to help cope with the emergency and the evacuation. An evaluation is given of the contribution of Major General Alan Stretton who broadcast from the ABC.

SAWYER, John
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 722
John Sawyer was born in 1931 and arrived in Darwin in 1963. He was working as the Power Station Superintendent when Cyclone Tracy struck. Mr Sawyer describes the working conditions at Stokes Hill Power Station, along with the cleanup and reconnection problems the power station encountered after Cyclone Tracy.

SPILLETT, Peter
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 663
Peter Spillett was born near London, UK, in 1926. He came to Darwin in 1951. At the time of Cyclone Tracy he the administrator of the design sections of the Department of Works. He describes his experiences during the Cyclone, comparing them to experiences in the Blitz in London and Burma during World War II.

STACK, Dr Ella
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 907
Ella Stack was born in Sydney in 1929. She came to Darwin in 1961 with her husband Tom Lawler. In 1974 the family was living in Fannie Bay when their house was partly demolished in Cyclone Tracy. Dr Stack then had a significant role in emergency medical services at the Darwin Hospital. She eventually became Mayor of Darwin in 1975, the first woman to hold the post, and before long became the city's first Lord Mayor.

NTRS 2007 Photographs of Darwin after Cyclone Tracy
This series of colour photographs includes Dr Stack's cyclone damaged house, Brown's Mart and some aerial photographs.

NTRS 2008 Photographs of Catholic properties in Darwin after Cyclone Tracy
This series includes black and white photographs of St Paul's Infant School, the Cathedral and a convent with an undamaged Mother and Child statue.

STEEDMAN, Pete
NTRS 2365 Copies of oral history interviews relating to Cyclone Tracy on compact disk (CD) 1975-1975
This series consists of copies of interviews (on compact disk) relating to Cyclone Tracy conducted by Pete Steedman on behalf of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council. The interviews were used in the publication of the "Final Report of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council" in March 1976.

NTRS 2366 Transcripts of interviews relating to Cyclone Tracy 1975-1975
This series consists of transcripts of interviews relating to Cyclone Tracy conducted by Pete Steedman on behalf of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council. The interviews were used in the publication of the "Final Report of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council" in March 1976.

STRETTON, Major-General Alan
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcripts 956 and 1030
Major-General Alan Stretton was born in Melbourne in 1922. He recounts his experiences in Darwin after Cyclone Tracy, as head of the Natural Disasters Organisation in Canberra. He recalls landing at the airport amongst overturned aircraft, an airport without navigational aids, on a portion of the runway that had been cleared by the RAAF. He gives his view of the role of different arms of the defence forces and their responses to the emergency. Major-General Stretton comments on the notion of taking control of Darwin and holding power in a situation where his authority had limited legal basis.

STRIDER
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcripts 606 and 607
Strider was born as William Walsh, in Adelaide in 1943. He describes his experience during Cyclone Tracy, sheltering from the storm in the shower recess of a house that was virtually destroyed. As an independent-minded ecologist, he describes a range of major effects, both of the storm and subsequent practices, on vegetation in three relatively distinct areas - in the city, its outskirts and the edge of the Cyclone damage zone.

SYMONS, Rev. Gordon J.
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 124
Reverend Gordon Symons was a missionary in Arnhem Land during the 1950s. Reverend Symons was Chairman of District at Darwin at the time Cyclone Tracy occurred. He relates his experiences in the Cyclone and evacuation after the Cyclone.

TALBOT, Peter
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 391
Peter Talbot was born in Darwin in 1930. He worked for a garbage contractor in 1947 and later worked for Darwin City Council as a truck driver. He recalls his experience of Cyclone Tracy when he lived in Conigrave Street, personal damage and loss, his work cleaning up and putting street signs back up.

THOROGOOD, Colonel Frank
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 614
Colonel Frank Edward Thorogood was born in 1934 in Melbourne. He came to Darwin as Major General Stretton's Chief of Staff. He gives a detailed account with comments and anecdotes about the mounting and direction of the massive relief and evacuation operations following Cyclone Tracy.

TOMES, Harry
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 718
Harry Tomes was born in 1928 and arrived in Darwin in 1965. He was working as an electrical line supervisor for the Department of Works at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He describes his involvement in the cleanup after the Cyclone. He was responsible for coordinating the various assisting linesmen crews from interstate.

TOWNES, Esther
NTRS 234 Photographic copyprints of Cyclone Tracy destruction
This series contains black and white copyprints mainly of damage to houses in Armidale St, Stuart Park.

NTRS 350 Series of press cuttings and other material relating to Cyclone Tracy
This series includes The Royal Australian Navy News Vol 18 No 1, January 17 1975 Darwin Edition and press cuttings mainly from Western Australian newspapers.

TRURAN, Howard
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 511
Howard Samuel Truran was born in Fremantle, Western Australia in 1929. In 1954 he moved to Darwin. He was working as a dental technician and he and his family lived in Bougainvillea St, Nightcliff at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He describes the events of Christmas Eve 1974, of the wind and rain, the eye of the Cyclone and eventually the end of the storm. He also discusses rumours circulating after the Cyclone - such as mass graves - and talks of his work, and his views on evacuation.

TULLOCH, Martine
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 765
Martine Tulloch (nee Leigh) was born in Sydney in 1962 and came to Darwin with her family in 1974. She was twelve years old when Cyclone Tracy struck Darwin on Christmas Eve. She recounts her experiences on that night. She also describes brief and unpleasant experiences of emergency shelters, after which she was evacuated to Brisbane.

TURNER, George
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 716
George Turner was born in 1938 and arrived in Darwin in 1959. Mr Turner was an operator at Stokes Hill Station at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He recalls conditions there in the wake of the Cyclone, the living and working environment within the Power House and the team spirit among the workers.

UNKNOWN
NTRS 234 Photographic copyprints of Cyclone Tracy damage, Darwin
This series includes photographs of damage in Darwin and the northern suburbs and cars in the swimming pool at the Koala Motel.

VILLAFLOR, Victor
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 563
Victor Villaflor was born in Darwin in 1917. During Cyclone Tracy, he was sheltering under a house in Parap, which was completely destroyed. He worked on the cleanup after the Cyclone, even though officially on leave from the Public Works Department.

VRIES, Robert
NTRS 2629 Reference DVD copy of 8mm film relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1974
This series consists of a reference DVD copy of 8mm film taken on Boxing Day of Cyclone Tracy in Darwin. The footage includes street scenes of damaged houses, shops, caravans, and powerlines; RAAF housing; and the airport, including damaged planes, helicopters, hangars and cars.

WALKER, Nat
NTRS 368 Photographs of Victoria River Downs, and Cyclone Tracy damage in 1936-1974
Nat Walker was bookkeeper and storekeeper at Victoria River Downs from 1949. Included in this series is one photograph showing Cyclone Tracy damage looking towards town from the Galvin estate.

WAUCHOPE, Alan
NTRS 2337 Photographs of Central Australia: People and Places
This series includes photographs of Cyclone Tracy evacuees and Cyclone Tracy damaged vehicles in Alice Springs.

WHITTON, Beryl
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 463
Beryl Whitton (nee McWhinney) was born in 1911 in Mount Lawley, Western Australia. She came to Darwin in 1955 and was working as a nurse at the time of Cyclone Tracy. She attributes the limited damage to her house to leaving one window open slightly, thus reducing the pressure. A nearby house that was shut up tightly by its owners before going on holidays, "exploded" during the Cyclone.

WILKIE, W. R. (Ray)
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 675
Ray Wilkie was born in Queensland in 1925. He came to Darwin in 1971 and was the NT Regional Director of the Bureau of Meteorology at the time of Cyclone Tracy. He relates details of how Cyclone Tracy was observed and watched on radar, how it developed and the response and actions of the Bureau. He also describes coping personally in the appalling aftermath. Included with this oral history is a copy of the Bureau of Meteorology's published Report on Cyclone Tracy, December 1974 and a copy of a paper written by Ray Wilkie with A B Neal in 1974 entitled Meteorological features of Cyclone Tracy.

WILKINS, Anthony (Tony) Stephenson
NTRS 3378 Publications relating to Cyclone Tracy, and yachting 1973-ca2001
This series consists of publications such as the Christmas Eve 1974 edition of the NT News, NT News commemorative supplement from 1995 and Red Cross and Australian Women's Weekly publications featuring Cyclone Tracy.

WILSON, Bill
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 119
Bill Wilson was born in North Yorkshire, United Kingdom in 1941. He came to Darwin as a police recruit in 1969. He describes the extraordinary trauma of Cyclone Tracy when he and his wife escaped serious injury as the accommodation disintegrated around them. He includes graphic descriptions of conditions and incidents in Darwin and discusses the post-disaster function of both Territory and interstate police.

WILTSHIRE, Erica
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 1110
Erica Wiltshire was born in 1921 in Hindmarsh, South Australia and arrived in Darwin in 1956. Mrs Wiltshire was working as a librarian at the Department of Aboriginal Affairs at the time of Cyclone Tracy. At that time it was housed on the top floor of the current NT Archives Service building. She describes her experiences prior to and during the Cyclone and her drive out of Darwin and the support provided by people in Pine Creek and Mt Isa.

WRIGHT, Debra Ann
NTRS 2620 Scrapbook relating to Cyclone Tracy 1952-ca1994
A scrapbook of newspaper clippings following Cyclone Tracy. Included with the scrapbook are various publications including a report 'Cyclone! Christmas in Darwin 1974' published by the Sydney Morning Herald with a forward letter by then Acting Prime Minister Dr J.F. Cairns. Also includes Darwin Reconstruction Commission Reports on planning, and reconstruction.

WRIGHT, Patricia
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 579
Patricia (Pat) Fay Wright was born in Adelaide in 1926. She arrived in Darwin in 1947. She describes in detail her experience of Cyclone Tracy on Christmas Eve in 1974. Afterwards she stayed at the Darwin Community College and cooked for hundreds of people until she was evacuated.

WUNDERSITZ, Peter
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 723
Peter Wundersitz was born in Cairns in 1945. He arrived in Darwin in 1970 and was working for the Electricity Supply Undertaking at Bishop Street, as an electrical fitter at the time of Cyclone Tracy. Mr Wundersitz describes the working conditions at Bishop Street before and after the Cyclone, and how those who remained in the town coped with the living and working conditions.

YOUNG, Pearl
NTRS 226 Oral history interview transcript 622
Pearl Young was born in Queensland in 1909. In about 1949 she came to Darwin with her husband at that time, Alan James, who was the Northern Territory Administration's senior surveyor until 1962. Pearl recalls the terror of Cyclone Tracy, when she was visiting her son Earl in Darwin, and was forced outside to shelter under a fallen tree after the house disintegrated.

Government organisations

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 1504 Sign-on book and journal 1975
The ship "Patris" was brought to Darwin following Cyclone Tracy to provide temporary accommodation. The Patris police station sign-on book and journal is comprised of entries relating to police presence in the lives of people living on the ship from February to June 1975.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2977 Lists of Darwin evacuees after Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
Two volumes computer printouts titled "List of people evacuated from Darwin" relating to the evacuation of Darwin after Cyclone Tracy. The list contains an alphabetical index by surname with the following details; telex, date, disembark (destination), name, and remarks. The lists were compiled by the Australian Federal Police (when based at the Interstate Police Control Headquarters) and distributed to other agencies to answer enquiries on the whereabouts of people evacuated after Cyclone Tracy.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2978 Master indexes relating to the evacuation of Darwin after Cyclone 1974-1975
The indexes are computer printouts arranged by surname in alphabetical order with the following details; name, disembark (destination), date, and tel (telex). The lists were compiled by the Australian Federal Police (when based at the Interstate Police Control Headquarters).

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2979 Telex tapes relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
This series consists of telex tapes relating to Cyclone Tracy. Included are tapes from the Canberra hotline and a tape identifying the people killed in Cyclone Tracy. These telex tapes are in their original machine generated format, refer to NTRS 2988 and NTRS 3005 for printouts of the messages.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2980 Lists of persons departing Darwin by road after Cyclone Tracy ca1974-ca1975
This series consists of typed lists of names of people leaving Darwin by road after Cyclone Tracy. The lists were compiled by the Red Cross at the 9 1/2 mile road block. The information recorded in the lists includes; unique number, initial and surname of person, suburb of residence in Darwin, and destination (name of city/town).

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2981 "Government Newsletter" relating to Cyclone Tracy 1975-1975
Issues numbered 1, dated 3 January 1975 to Issue 24, dated 4 February 1975

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2982 Alphabetical index relating to people departing Darwin by road after Cyclone Tracy ca1975-ca1975
The handwritten index book arranged alphabetically by surname lists name, Darwin address, and destination.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2983 Message log book relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1974
This book includes handwritten Police messages commencing at 8.54am on Christmas Day, 1974. The messages concern the location of family members, road conditions and availability of petrol, and the procedure for the removal of dead people to the morgue.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2984 Teleprinter messages relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
The messages were regarding the travel arrangements for interstate police units, and missing person searches. It includes names of interstate Police who were selected to come to Darwin.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2985 Radio log books, Darwin Disaster Headquarters, relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
Police Radio operators printout log books were originally kept by the New South Wales Police in Darwin with the following details; time, number, to, and message. The messages relate to reports of crimes and missing persons, liaison with the next of kin of identified deceased people, and issuing instructions to police officers.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2986 Telex log book relating to Cyclone Tracy ca1974-1975
This volume was divided in half with the front used to record incoming telex messages, and the back used to record outgoing telex messages. The following details were recorded about incoming and outgoing messages; number, original [telex] number, from, time, and details.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2987 Alphabetical index of interstate Police personnel 1974-1975
The index lists interstate police personnel assigned to Darwin after the cyclone. It is arranged alphabetically by surname with the following details; name, rank, force, arrived (date), and left (date).

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2988 Telex messages relating to entry permits into Darwin 1974-1975
The messages were sent to the Entry Permits Section, Department of Northern Territory and include:name of applicant, occupation, reason for visit (for example, returning to work, or to collect possessions and leave permanently).

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 2999 Reports by police officers of personal experiences relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
A memo was sent to all Darwin police officers in January 1975 advising that a commission of enquiry was anticipated to examine the events and responses to Cyclone Tracy. All members of all sections were instructed to submit a report detailing the following; whether they were on duty, home address and who was in the house during the cyclone, personal experiences during the cyclone, details of injuries and damage to personal property, movements and action taken after the cyclone, and whether family members were evacuated. Some reports contain details of search and rescue operations. File 2 contains part of a staff roster from 28 December 1974 with notes about the location of police officers, and the use of schools for shelters and food distribution.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3000 Darwin Hospital evacuation list 1974-1975
This series consists of a nine page typewritten hospital evacuation list kept in the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy. The list details the names of patients and the city to which they were evacuated from ward numbers 1, 2A, 2B, 4-9, 11-12 with annotations if the patient died. Pages 8-9 are lists of women and children evacuated to Mount Isa. Also included is a two page handwritten list of children with the following details; name, date of birth, parents names, and address.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3001 Files relating to the identification of deceased persons after Cyclone Tracy 1974-1983
This series consists of files relating to the identification of deceased persons after Cyclone Tracy. File number 1 contains part of a register relating to the identification of deceased persons which records; name (if available), sex, identified by, deceased found at (location), and remarks. File number 2 includes annotated lists of the deceased, and photographs of the dead with identity numbers [refer to NTRS 3716 for access copy].

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3002 Administration files relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
Included are files regarding letters of appreciation to the police, a copy of the ecumenical service for victims of the cyclone, lists of the deceased, and a copy of a report "Cyclone Tracy and its consequences for police in Darwin".

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3003 Running Sheets Index 1974-1975
This series consists of a running sheets index. Entries were kept in alphabetical order by incident and include references to the Darwin area and Hayes Creek.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3004 Running Sheets 1974-1975
This series consists of running sheets with details of actions taken by police. The entries include the following information; date and time, report of occurrence, police in charge, and action taken. The sheets were kept in numerical order.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3005 Telex messages relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1975
This series consists of telex messages relating to Cyclone Tracy. Included are details of the arrival and departure of interstate police contingents, itineraries of visiting politicians, arrangements for the transport of evacuees, and requests for assistance.

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
NTRS 3716 File relating to the identification of deceased persons after Cyclone Tracy
This is an access copy of File 2 from NTRS 3001, relating to the identification of deceased persons after Cyclone Tracy.

DARWIN BUSINESS RELIEF LOAN FUND COMMITTEE (Commonwealth)
F1458 Numerical register of application for loans 1975-1976
This series contains the numerical register of loan applications lodged during 1975 and 1976.

DARWIN BUSINESS RELIEF LOAN FUND COMMITTEE (Commonwealth)
F1459 Chairman's master file of correspondence, agenda and minutes of meetings 1975-1978
The Chairman's master file of correspondence, agenda and minutes of meetings for the years 1975-1978 is contained in this series.

DARWIN BUSINESS RELIEF LOAN FUND COMMITTEE (Commonwealth)
F1460 Committee master file of correspondence, agenda and minutes of meetings 1975-1978
The Committee's master file of correspondence, agenda and minutes of meetings for the years 1975-1978 is contained in this series.

DARWIN BUSINESS RELIEF LOAN FUND COMMITTEE (Commonwealth)
F1461 Alphabetic register of application for loans 1975-1976
This series contains the alphabetic register of loan applications lodged during 1975 and 1976.

DEPARTMENT OF WORKS
NTRS 1702 Construction plans with section detailing 1954-1975
This series of plans of construction works carried out in the Northern Territory includes standard anti cyclone precautions for C19, M7 & M9 type housing in Darwin in 1971 and 1972 as well as cyclone resistant construction details for C19 and D type houses in 1975.

POLICE STATION - DARWIN
F760 Watch-house keeper's day journals 1970-1980
The situation at the Darwin Police Station watch-house during and after Cyclone Tracy, is reported in this series. This includes a description of the physical damage to the watch-house and a statement about the prisoners sleeping through the Cyclone, apparently unaware of it. The presence of prisoners brought from the Fannie Bay Gaol on Christmas Day is also noted.

Non-government organisations

CONNELLAN AIRWAYS PTY LTD
NTRS 981 General Administrative, flight and promotional records 1934-1980
Transcript of Radio Communications on Christmas Morning 1974 after Cyclone Tracy, through Connair aircraft.

CYCLONE TRACY TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY COMMITTEE
NTRS 1827 Event files 1994-1995
These files contain correspondence relating to particular events held to commemorate Cyclone Tracy in 1995.

NTRS 1828 General correspondence 1994-1995
These files include minutes and the final report of the Cyclone Tracy Twentieth Anniversary Committee.

NTRS 1829 Publications, photographs and newspaper clippings relating to Cyclone Tracy 1974-1995
This series includes both black and white and colour photographs and large photographs used for displays.

DARWIN DISASTER WELFARE COUNCIL
NTRS 2487 Reference copy of final report of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council 1976-1976
The Darwin Disaster Welfare Council administered the Cyclone Tracy Relief Trust Fund. The Fund was established in January 1975 to administer and distribute relief funds donated from private sources. This series consists of a reference copy of the publication the "Final Report of the Darwin Disaster Welfare Council" in March 1976.

Last updated: 11 October 2017