19th century history

Archaeological evidence suggests Indigenous people have lived in the Northern Territory (NT) for tens of thousands of years. They had established links with Macassan traders by the early 1700s.

Parts of the interior were visited by European explorers after the 1840s, but it was not until John MacDouall Stuart crossed the continent from South Australia in 1862 that a viable inland route was established.

Letters Patent annexed the North of Australia to South Australia in 1865 and a survey team led by GW Goyder in 1869 established a permanent European presence in the NT that lasted until the Commonwealth takeover in 1911.

Much of the document history held by the Northern Territory Library relates to this early period of European and Asian settlement in the NT. 

19th century subject guides

The NT Library has put together the following subject guides on 19th century history and development:

Last updated: 11 October 2017